Urologic pathology is an anatomical pathology subspecialty that focuses on urological disorders, including inflammatory, benign, and malignant diseases of the kidneys, bladder, and prostate. Our pathologists work in close association with urologists – medical professionals who specialize in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of patients with urological disease.
Urologists employ endoscopic procedures to visually examine the urinary tract and remove tissue samples, i.e., conduct biopsies, for further examination. To accurately determine prostate conditions biopsies are also commonly done by urologists using techniques such as ultrasound guidance. Many conditions cannot be accurately diagnosed unless a tissue sample is examined under a microscope by a pathologist – a physician trained in the microscopic examination of organic tissue. This microscopic examination reveals the histology (the study of the form of structures) of the disease and clarifies its diagnosis.
Pathologists are physicians who, upon completion of their basic medical training, pursue additional, intensive training in accredited programs for the microscopic interpretation of tissue samples. In addition, selected pathologists may have completed a fellowship training program or additional educational rotations under the tutelage of renowned urologic pathology experts. Pathologists integrate the patient’s clinical information with microscopic analysis to derive definitive diagnostic information for transmittal to the treating physician. Urologic pathology is a consultative service to the treating physician that involves much more than the mere conduct of a laboratory test. Your pathologist is, therefore, a critical member of your health care team. The accurate microscopic interpretation of your tissue biopsy is absolutely essential to understanding your diagnosis and in influencing the selection of the most appropriate treatment option.